Valuing language in the Ukrainian-Romanian borderlands



Valuing language in the Ukrainian-Romanian borderlands
Author: Kathryn Cassidy
Publisher: Codrul Cosminului
Publication date: 2010
Number of pages: 10
Format / Quality: PDF / excellent
Size: 167 KB


Цитата:
“Codrul Cosminului”, XVI, 2010, No. 1, p. 135-144
VALUING LANGUAGE IN THE UKRAINIAN-ROMANIAN BORDERLANDS
Kathryn Cassidy
University of Birmingham, UK
Rezumat: Acest articol analizează modul în care activităţile economice informale, care
au ajuns să domine multe comunităţi rurale de la graniţa ucraineano-română din 1989/1991,
favorizează cunoaşterea limbii române. Materialul este rezultatul a cincisprezece luni de
cercetare etnografică în două comunităţi rurale, situate de ambele părţi ale graniţei de Estucraineano-
română, în apropierea oraşului Siret, în condiţiile în care comercializarea şi
achiziţionarea de bunuri de peste graniţă – complementară migraţiei forţei de muncă în Sudul
şi Vestul Europei – constituie o componentă importantă a economiei rurale locale.
Abstract: This article examines how informal economic activities, which have come to
dominate many rural communities in the Ukrainian-Romanian borderlands since 1989/1991,
are favouring a knowledge of Romanian rather than the Ukrainian language. It is based on
fifteen months of ethnographic research in two rural communities on either side of the Eastern
Ukrainian-Romanian border near the Romanian town of Siret,1 where the trading and
purchase of goods across the border, in addition to migration for work to Southern and
Western Europe, form a major part of the local rural economy.
Résumé: L’article ci-joint analyse la manière dans laquelle les activités de l’économie
informelle, qui sont arrivées à dominer plusieurs des communautés rurales de la frontière
ukrainienne – roumaine de 1989/1991, favorisent la connaissance de la langue roumaine. Le
matériel est le résultat de quinze mois de recherche ethnographique de deux communautés
rurales, situées des deux parties de la frontière ukrainienne – roumaine des alentours de la
ville Siret, dans les conditions où la commercialisation et l’acquisition de biens d’au-delà de
la frontière – complémentaire à la migration de la force de travail dans le Sud et l’Ouest de
l’Europe – constitue une composante importante de l’économie rurale locale.
Keywords: Informal economy, language, ethnography, borders, rural populations,
migration.
1 Siret is in Suceava County, Romania and is the main road border crossing between Ukraine
and Romania in Eastern Romania. This crossing is located approximately 40km to the
south of the city of Chernivtsi in Ukraine and 40km to the north of the city of Suceava in
Romania. Much of the rest of the Ukrainian-Romanian border is located in the Carpathian
Mountains, so this crossing is very busy both in terms of local and international road
traffic. This is one of the primary routes by which the many Turkish goods sold in Ukraine
arrive in the country.
Introduction
Language Shift in the Ukrainian-Romanian Borderlands
The Informal Economy of the Border
-Trading Across the Border
-Serving the Shoppers
International Migration
-Romanian as a Useful Language
-Hidden Ukrainian
Conclusions
Bibliography

Part 1
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Remarks: sociolinguistics, Rumanian, Ukrainian

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