Morphosyntactic evidence for the position of Chamorro in the Austronesian language family

Morphosyntactic evidence for the position of Chamorro in the Austronesian language family
Author: Lawrence A. Reid
Publisher: Pacific Linguistics
Publication date: 2002
Number of pages: 33
Format / Quality: PDF / excellent
Size: 2,83 MB

1. Introduction
1 An early version of this paper was presented to the 16th Congress of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association in Melaka, Malaysia, 1-7 July 1998. A later version was prepared to the International Symposium on Problems in Morphosyntactic Comparison and Reconstruction, ILCAA, Tokio University of Foreign Studies, 13 December 1998.
2. Earlier views of the relationship of Chamorro to other Austronesian languages
3. Is Chamorro an ergative language or not?
Table 1: Chamorro pronouns (Topping 1973)
Table 2: Chamorro pronouns (Zobel 2002)
3.1 A re-analysis of the Chamorro pronoun system
3.1.1 Possessive agreement markers The phonological evidence The syntactic evidence
3.1.2 Actor-agreement markers Ambiguity between ma ‘3PL’ and ma- ‘passive marker’ Co-occurrence with a lexical noun Set A forms of Actor-agreement affixes
3.2 Source of Chamorro Actor-agreement markers
Table 3: Chamorro agreement markers
3.2.1 Initial position agreement markers
4. Syntactic doublets in Chamorro
4.1. Possessive constructions
4.1.1 Possible sources of Chamorro possessive constructions
4.1.2 Existential possessive constructions
4.3 Transitive constructions
4.4 Intransitive constructions
4.4.1 ‘Actor Focus’ intransitive constructions
4.4.2 ‘Non-focus’ intransitive cosntructions
4.5 Transitive and intransitive constructions: inherited, innovated or borrowed?
4.5.1 Development in Actor-agreement markers
Table 4: Chamorro agreement markers
Table 5: Chamorro agreement markers on irrealis intransitive verbs
4.5.2 Development of [maN as marker of antipassive verbs
4.5.3 Co-occurrence of ‘actor focus’ and ‘non-actor focus’ verb affixation
4.5.4 Loss of tense-aspect involving [Cin
4.6 Summary
5. Starost’a morphological subgrouping hypothesis for Chamorro
5.1 Transitive verb endings *en], *an], and *a]
5.2 Transitive verb-initial *[?i and intransitive verb-initial * [maR
5.3 Causative verb-initial * [pa(ka) and * [ka
5.4 Summary
6. Another hypothesis regarding position of Chamorro in Austronesian
6.1 Nominative marking
6.1 Genitive marking
6.3 Topic marking
6.4 ‘Ligature’ * na
6.5 Antipassive * [maN and plural * [maN
7. Conclusion

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Remarks: Chapter 5 of Collected Papers on southeast Asian and Pacific languages

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