THE 2ND PAST IN THE PERMIC LANGUAGES
Author: Florian Siegl
Publisher: University of Tartu
Publication date: 2004
Number of pages: 189
Format / Quality: PDF – Excellent
Size: 3.0 Mb
The participles of Komi and Udmurt have been an object of investigation for more than half a century (e.g. Fokos-Fuchs 1958, Perevošikov 1959, Stipa 1960, Cypanov 1997, Kalinina 2001, Ylikoski 2001). Of special interest since Serebrennikov’s monograph is occupied by the so-called 2nd past tense in the Permic languages and its function (Serebrennikov 1960: 59-66; 118-120).
Whereas the 1st past shares all structural features with present and future tense – it uses the same verbal endings in both future/present and 1st past, the negation is based on the use of the negation verb which is marked for tense and person and is followed by the
stem of the main verb – it is opposed to the 2nd past.
Although the 2nd past behaves syntactically as a verb and can take subjects and objects, it is though based historically on a participle. The 2nd past is not marked with the verbal endings, but uses the corresponding possessive suffixes instead. Further, it’s not negated by the negation verb but by a negative existential and the main verb remains marked for person. Beside the
structural opposition, both tense forms differentiate in semantic aspects as well. The 1st past can be classified as a general past and is the preferred coding device for any past events. The role of the 2nd past is fuzzier