Social and Linguistic Factors Conditioning the Glottal Stop in Nicaraguan Spanish
Author: Whitney Chappell
Publisher: Ohio State University
Publication date: 2013
Number of pages: 301
Format / Quality: pdf
Size: 26,6 MB
This dissertation investigates the word-final, intervocalic glottal stop [ʔ] in Nicaraguan Spanish, a highly understudied variant in an equally understudied dialect of Spanish. The glottal stop occurs most frequently in western Nicaragua as an allophone of word-final, intervocalic /s/ (the V/s/#V environment), e.g. [ma.ʔal.to] for más alto ‘higher’, but the glottal stop also surfaces between vowels at the word boundary where there is no underlying segment (the V#V environment), e.g. [la.ʔo.la] for la ola ‘the wave’. The studies to date on the glottal stop in dialects of Spanish, i.e. Argentinian/Paraguayan (Sanicky 1989, Thon 1989), Yucatan (Lope Blanch 1987), Philipino (Lipski 2000), and Puerto Rican (Valentín- Márquez 2006), propose a contact hypothesis: when Spanish is in close contact with another language and the glottal stop is used in that language, bilingual speakers transfer the sound into their Spanish.