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Alternancias causativas en el huave de San Francisco del Mar
Yuni Kim
University of Manchester
CILLA-IV / October 31, 2009 / Austin
Prefijante versus Sufijante
Sufijante / Prefijante + Causativo
Prefijante / Prefijante + Causativo
Causativos analíticos
Referencias bibliográficas

Atlas sociolingüístico de pueblos indígenas de América Latina
Pueblo: Huave
4 pages 38,3 KB
I. Identificación
II. Población estimada
III. Marco jurídico
IV. Multilingüismo
V. Demografía
Bibliografía y fuentes consultadas

Comparing Mesoamerican areal features in two varieties of Huave
Yuni Kim, University of Manchester
SSILA Annual Meeting / January 10, 2010 / Baltimore
18 pages 121 KB
A Introduction
(1) Mesoamerican Linguistic Area (Campbell, Kaufman, & Smith-Stark 1986:538-9)
(2) Huave: an isolate on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (southeastern Oaxaca State, Mexico)
• 4 varieties: San Mateo del Mar, San Dionisio del Mar, Santa María del Mar, San Francisco del Mar
• 12,000-15,000 speakers, mostly in San Mateo (the only variety still being actively learned by children)
• Internal differentiation comparable to Swedish/Norwegian/Danish
• Isthmus Zapotec spoken in immediately surrounding regions; many other languages not far
(3) Contact history/phenomena have not been studied extensively
• Main sources for previous studies: Stairs & Stairs (1981) dictionary, Stairs & Hollenbach (1981) grammar
sketch of the San Mateo variety
• Proto-Huave reconstruction by Suarez (1975); time depth ca. 500? years
(4) Goals:
• A closer look at Mesoamerican areal features in Huave, based on recent fieldwork in San Francisco del
Mar1 (& other recent research in San Mateo)
• Contribute to understanding of contact between Huave and other Mesoamerican languages
(5) Main findings:
• Most if not all main areal features are found in Huave, although some non-canonical patterns are debatable
• Differences between two closely related varieties w.r.t. areal features may arise from internal
developments, different contact patterns, and/or endangerment-related attrition.
B Major areal features
Possessibve NPs
Basic word order
Vigesimal (base-20) numeral system
Relational nouns
Pied-piping with inversion
Semantic calques
C Other morphological and lexical areal features
Body-part locatives
Limited plural marking on nouns
First-person inclusive and exclusive distinction
Pronominal copular constructions with affixes
Numeral classifiers
D Conclusions

CV Interactions and Vowel Copy Epenthesis in San Francisco del Mar Huave
Yuni Kim, UC Berkeley
15th Manchester Phonology Meeting
May 24, 2007
8 pages 292 KB
A Introduction
Huave: a language isolate of Oaxaca State, Mexico (Suarez, 1975)
San Francisco del Mar dialect: ~50-100 fluent elderly speakers (all bilingual in Spanish) out of population ~ 6.000
B Huave vowel copy epenthesis
C Correspondence analysis
D Partial class behaviour versus Sour Grapes: problems for Spreading
E Discussion
F Conclusion

Diphthongization and contrast realization in Huave
Yuni Kim, University of Manchester
January 29, 2010 * Old World Conference in Phonology 7 * Nice
6 pages 452 KB
A Introduction
(1) Huave
• A language isolate spoken in Oaxaca State, Mexico by about 14,000 people in four towns
• Data in this talk are from fieldwork on the San Francisco del Mar dialect, spoken by fewer than 100
people nearly all over 70 years old (see Kim 2008)
B. Palatizability in Huave: evidence from onsets
C. Palatalization contrast in codas
D. Diachronic explanation
E. Synchronic analysis: Sketch
F. Discussion
+ abstract 2 pages

Indicadores básicos de la agrupación huave, 2005
Población total de 5 años y más
Bilingüismo lengua indígena-español en población de 5 años y más
Asistencia escolar en población de 6 a 14 años
Instrucción básica en población de 6 a 14 años
Alfabetismo en población de 15 años y más
Instrucción de la población de 15 años y más
Población en localides
1 pp

The interaction of phonological and morphological conditions on affix order in Huave
Yuni Kim, Department of Linguistics, University of Berkely
2 pp 30,5 KB
Selected references

Génesis 1 – 2.4
Génesis 2.5 – 25
Génesis 3
Resumen del Antiguo Testamento de las Sagradas Escrituras en el idioma huave de San Mateo del Mar, Oaxaca, México
Publicado por
Liga del Sembrador, A.C. y
Liga Bíblica Mundial del Hogar
México, D.F.
Primera edición 1M 1988

Infix harmony in Huave: feature realization and apparent bidirectionality
Yuni Kim (yuni.kim@manchester.ac.uk)
University of Manchester
CASTL, Tromsø * May 7, 2010
11 pages 519 KB
A Huave vowel epenthesis
B CVC phonotactics
C Diphthongization as feature realization
D Infix harmony as MAX >> Vowel Copy
E Suffix harmony as CV transition constraints and Vowel Copy
F Discussion / Conclusion

Jesús – Huave, San Mateo del Mar
40 pages 248 KB

1 page 92,9 KB

El Nuevo Testamento de Nuestro Señor Jesucristo en el huave de San Mateo del Mar
La Liga Bíblica
Las Sagradas Escrituras para Todos
La Liga Bíblica 1,5 M primera edición 1972
La Liga Bíblica 2M segunda edición 1996
La Liga Bíblica versión electrónica 2009
Publicado por Copyright La Liga Bíblica 1972, 1976
+ Prólogo
+ Aclaraciones
2,34 MB

Phonology-morphology domain (mis)matches in Huave
Yuni Kim
University of Manchester
Abstract + References
1 page 53,5 KB

Phrasal tone and syntax in San Mateo Huave*
DRAFT – comments welcome
Marjorie Pak
University of Pennsylvania
January 10, 2007
41 pages 527 KB
Abstract: In the San Mateo dialect of Huave, utterances are divided into ‘tonal domains’ that each have
exactly one H pitch peak. Pike and Warkentin (1961) show that in simple SVO sentences, the subject
forms its own tonal domain while the verb and object group together—a pattern that is, in itself,
consistent with a number of possible explanations. This paper, based on a new corpus of 334 phrases
elicited during on-site linguistic interviews, looks more closely at how exactly syntactic structures are
parsed into tonal domains—which constituents are grouped together tonally, which remain separate, and
why. When SVO and VOS sentences are compared, a striking contrast emerges: postverbal subjects,
unlike preverbal subjects, consistently group together with the verb. Pursuing the basic intuition that
phonological closeness reflects syntactic closeness, I argue that preverbal subjects are structurally higher
than postverbal subjects in Huave, and introduce a provisional syntax that accounts for this asymmetry.
1. Introduction: the basic pattern
2. Preliminaries on Huave morphosyntax and word order
3. Deriving tonal melodies within phrases (Noyer 1991)
Figure 1: Noun phrase ‘hot coffee’ in isolation
Figure 2: Noun phrase ‘hot coffee’ in a SVO sentence
4. Defining the tonal domain: initial observations (Pike and Warkentin 1961)
5. Defining the tonal domain: further observations from the current study
5.1 Data and methodology
Table 1. Participants
5.2 Postverbal objects and modifiers
5.3 Pre- and postverbal adverbs
Table 2. Time and place adverbs in preverbal and postverbal position
Figure 3: Clause-peripheral and vP-adjoined adverbs in Huave
5.4 Pre- and postverbal subjects
Table 3: Subjects in preverbal and postverbal position
6. Discussion and analysis
6.1 Preverbal subjects raise to Spec, CP
6.2 Further evidence from clausal components
6.3 Rate and rhythm-induced variability
6.4 The syntax of VOS in Huave
7. Conclusion

Phrasal tone domains in San Mateo Huave
Marjorie Pak
University of Pennsylvania
12 pages 144 KB
1. Background on Huave Morphosyntax and Tone
2. The Current Study: Tone and Syntax in San Mateo Huave
3. Analysis
4. Further Support: Reduced and Full Clauses, Extrapolation and Tone
5. Concluding Remarks

Spatial, time-aspectual and concomitance relations in Huave
Maurizio Gnerre
University of Naples
Abstract – 1 page

The Phonetic Realization of Pitch Accent in Huave*
University of Pennsylvania
12 pages – 262 KB
0. Introduction
Huave1 is a language isolate spoken in four villages on the coast of Oaxaca,
Mexico: San Mateo, San Francisco, San Dionisio, and Santa María. This paper
examines the pitch accent system in the San Mateo dialect, the only dialect which
has preserved lexical tone.
0. Introduction
1. Tone and Metrical Structure
(1) Examples of H and HL
(2) Minimal pairs differentiated only by tone
1.1 Phonological Analysis
1.2 Exceptions
2. Perception study
2.1 Methodology
2.2 Results
(6) Correctly identified tokens in minimal pairs commutation test
3. Production Study
3.1 Corpus
(7) Distribution of word types in corpus by syllable count and tone
3.2 Processing of sound files
(8) Sample token (kawâk, ‘south’) with pitch contour and segmentation
4. Pitch Range
(9) Mean pitch range values for H, short HL and long HL
(10) Pitch range boxplots for H, HL on short V, and HL on long V
5. Duration
(11) Mean duration of all long and short tokens in the corpus
(12) Boxplots for duration of short and long V
6. Relationships between Duration and Tone
6.1 All Long Vowels Have Falling Tone
6.2 Duration of Short Vowels: H versus HL
(14) Mean duration of long and short tokens by tone
(15) Distribution for short V with HL compared to short V with H and long V
6.3 Theoretical implications
7. Discrepancies with Suarez (1975)
(17) Words with HL in Suarez, but H in the current study
(18) Words with H in Suarez but HL in the current study
8. Conclusions
-Keelan Evanini
Department of Linguistics
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
+`abstract 2 pages

Topics in the Phonology and Morphology of San Francisco del Mar Huave
by Yuni Kim
A.B. (Harvard University) 2002
M.A. (University of California, Berkeley) 2005
384 pages 4,14 MB
A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics in the Graduate Division
of the University of California, Berkeley
Committee in charge:
Professor Sharon Inkelas, Chair
Professor Andrew Garrett
Professor Larry Hyman
Professor Johanna Nichols
Fall 2008
This dissertation is a study of the phonology and morphology of the Huave
language as spoken in San Francisco del Mar, Oaxaca State, Mexico. Huave is a
language isolate, and the San Francisco del Mar dialect (one of four) is severely
endangered, with almost all of its approximately 100 remaining fluent speakers over 65
years of age. The present study represents the first in-depth linguistic research on this
dialect and is based on the author’s fieldwork in the village.
The dissertation starts with a typological and sociolinguistic overview of Huave
(Chapter 1). It then provides an analytical description of all phonological phenomena
encountered in research to date (Chapter 2), paying special attention to the distribution
and realization of palatalization, and to the fusion, dissimilation, and contextual deletion
processes associated with glottal fricatives. The following chapters develop detailed and
theoretically-oriented treatments of specific phonological phenomena. Chapter 3
proposes a unified analysis of various diphthongization processes and relates them to
the realization of consonant palatalization, while also elaborating on the subsegmental
representations of vowels and consonants. In Chapter 4, Correspondence theory is used
to analyze unusual patterns of copy and blocking in the vowel harmony system.
Chapter 5 gives a morphological overview of Huave word classes and basic
morphological structure. Chapter 6 focuses on verbal morphology, including verbal
person, number, and tense/aspect inflection, and a diverse array of valence alternations.
Finally, Chapter 7 provides a comprehensive picture of verbal affix ordering, which is
complicated by “mobile affixes” that surface as prefixes or suffixes depending on
context. The abstract hierarchical structure of the verb is worked out, and the linear
placement of mobile affixes within these hierarchical constraints is argued to be
phonologically conditioned.
Table of Contents
1.1 Preface
1.2 Sociolinguistic background
1.3 Fieldwork and data sources
1.4 Previous research on Huave
1.5 Typological characteristics of San Francisco del Mar Huave
1.6 Orthographical conventions
2.1 Inventory
2.1.1 Consonants
2.1.2 Vowels
2.1.3 Two kinds of j
2.1.4 Fused segments
2.1.5 Prosodic observations
2.2 Phonotactics
2.2.1 Palatalization in onsets
2.2.2 Palatalization in codas
2.2.3 Vowel breaking
2.2.4 Consonant fission
2.2.5 Other positional and combinatorial restrictions
2.2.6 Hiatus
2.3 Segmental processes
2.3.1 Final stop deletion
2.3.2 Degemination and cluster simplification
2.3.3 Vowel reduction
2.4 Phonology of glides
2.4.1 Glide-vowel alternations
2.4.2 Phonotactic restrictions on palatal glides
2.4.3 Phonotactic restrictions on labial glides
2.5 Laryngeal phonology
2.5.1 Laryngeal dissimilation
2.5.2 Interaction of laryngeal and labial dissimilation
2.5.3 Aspiration deletion
2.5.4 Optional aspiration-related processes
2.6 Loanword phonology
3.1 Overview
3.2 A unified picture of diphthongization
3.3 Secondary features and back-vowel diphthongization
3.4 Vowel features and front-vowel diphthongization
3.5 Historical context
3.6 Discussion
4.1 Overview
4.2 Data and patterns
4.2.1 Suffix harmony
4.2.2 Infix harmony
4.3 Analysis
4.4 Issues for spreading analyses
4.5 Correspondence-based analysis
4.6 Further issues
4.6.1 Vowel-final bases
4.6.2 Cyclicity issues
4.7 Discussion
5.1 Verbs
5.2 Adjectives
5.3 Nouns
5.3.1 Noun structure
5.3.2 Possessive classes
5.3.3 Plural marking
5.3.4 Genitive case
5.4 Function and closed-class words
5.4.1 Pronouns
5.4.2 Articles and demonstratives
5.4.3 Space, time, location
5.4.4 Numerals
5.4.5 Other
5.5 Morphological adaptation of Spanish loans
6.1 Stem structure and basic inflection
6.1.1 Prefixing and suffixing verbs
6.1.2 Atemporal paradigm
6.1.3 Optional person-marking phenomena
6.1.4 Theme vowel u-
6.1.5 Syllable count, vowel epenthesis, and verb structure
6.2 Nonfinite verb forms
6.2.1 Subordinate
6.2.2 Gerunds
6.3 Tense and aspect categories
6.3.1 Atemporal
6.3.2 Completive
6.3.3 Future
6.3.4 Perfect
6.3.5 Progressive
6.3.6 Durative
6.3.7 Stative
6.3.8 Irregular and defective verbs
6.4 Valence-changing morphology
6.4.1 Intransitive aspiration
6.4.2 Reflexive
6.4.3 Passivization -rV- infixation -ch suffixation Aspiration and depalatalization Productive passivization strategies
6.4.4 Causativization
6.4.5 Verbs with unusual argument structure
6.5 Morphophonological derivation
6.5.1 Reduplication
6.5.2 Diminutivization
7.1 Affix mobility
7.2 Hierarchical structure in the Huave verb
7.3 Phonological optimization in mobile affix placement
7.4 Discussion
References 366

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Remarks: Amerindian, Huave, language isolate, México, sociolinguistics, grammar, religious texts, Christianity

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